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Âû çäåñü: ÑÒÀÒÜÈ / Analytics / Corruption in Kyrgyzstan. Center of Public Opinion Studies and Forecasts (2000)


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Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago




CONCLUSION

    In Kyrgyz Republic corruption has affected the major spheres of economic and politic life. Every fourth citizen called Kyrgyzstan the most corrupt state. One third of our fellow-countrymen considers corruption and state power weakness to be the main obstacle for efficient economic reforms launched by the President.
 
    A lot of opinions were expressed in this regard, among them “current crisis”, “imperfect legislation”, “low salaries of state functionaries”, “moral values devaluation ” and etc. However the key cause of corruption is hidden in the state itself. Indeed it is country’s “state of health” that influences condition and level of economic, social and cultural life of a society. The problem lies not only in state’s weakness but in its estrangement from the people as well. The more a state policy is “people oriented” the more the state supports, practically not verbally, interests of its citizens. Thus there are very few motives for citizens to be in search of roundabout ways for their problems solution.          
 
    More over, Kyrgyz Criminal Justice mainly aims at poor, low, not adapted and degrading levels of the population, which commit traditional crimes, and actually doesn’t pay sufficient attention to corruption.      
 
    As a consequent of current situation comparatively great amount people involved in the opinion poll do not trust that the state authority really wants to initiate fight against corruption. 30% of the population, 43% of law enforcement bodies, 43% of white-collar workers and businessmen do consider it just to be usual “imitation of fight against corruption”. In addition one fifth of businessmen and 17 percent of white-collar workers believe that Kyrgyz legislation deliberately contains ambiguous norms, which cause basis for corruption development.      
 
    Indeed Kyrgyzstan has a chance to become a country of triumphant corruption. 77 % of white-collar workers and 64 % of businessmen consider that the extent of corruption could be considerably decreased. 
 
    Fight against corruption must starts from reestablishment of trust and respect towards state structure and functionaries. In order to upgrade public trust all the sentences announced in regard of state functionaries’ corruption cases should be revealed to the public and the corrupters must be seriously punished.     
 
    It is impossible to build due state governance and structure based on sole enthusiasm and altruism. Salary of state bodies functionaries and state office workers should enable a state to compete with private sector in recruitment of highly qualified specialists. Along with it all functionaries’ attempts to gain any additional income must be strictly suppressed. The functionaries must constantly feel inevitability of punishment for corruption and bribery.       
 
    Independent and transparent Mass Media are to be the chief instrument in fight against corruption. Indirect (hidden) influence on private Mass Media by state authority is unacceptable; it implies granting individual privileges and advantage rights as well as owning Mass Media shares by a state or enterprise which is partly in property of the State.
 
    Special attention is to be paid to make the public participate in anti-corruption activities, to acquire skills of anti-corruption behavior and to develop citizens’ intolerance towards corruption. 
 
    Today a pressing necessity to analyze legislation on the subject of potential corruption zones l has risen. Thus complex approach to legislation analysis is required in all spheres. 
 
    There is an essential demand for development of Complex Strategy and Corruption Prevention Programme, based on the following statements:
1.      To adjust state strategy (economic, social, ideological) and elite’s interests with interests of the majority population.
2.      To strengthen state institutions.
3.      To “transfer” power to the people; the real power instruments mustn’t be in possession of definite groups and clans.      
 
    As a conclusion it is useful to add that corruption situation in Kyrgyzstan has reached a critical extend. A delay in introduction of urgent measures both for the state strengthening and corruption reduction may cause crucial impacts for the country. In absence of state will-power all the anti-corruption programs will became just an imitation of fight and are destined to fail.