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: / Kyrgyzstan / Biosphere / Forest Resources (2003)




Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago




1.6. Forest Information

Central Administration for Forest and Hunting Management (CAFHM)
 
There is the only one in the Central Asian Region Administration for Forest and Hunting Management, which undertakes registration of forests (by species, age criteria, density of plantation and others), hunting grounds (by hunting fund), also provides with economical decisions (on plantation of forest cultures, fellings, biotechnical arrangements and others) executive entities. CAFHM consists of three departments: Planning, Inventory and Office Studies. Russian methods of forest management were used till 1990, after establishment of CAFHM in Kyrgyzstan, its department have developed new methods for forest management at territories of Central Asia, guiding during last 5-6 years.
 
The main activity of the Planning Department is elaboration of a perspective project (plan) for organisation and development of the forest enterprise for the audit period. During this, all the forest management works are planned, necessary for sustainable development of a forest enterprise (leshoz) and a forest. To achieve these results following types of work are undertaken:
 
1. Allotment estimation this is a rough estimation of a plot (forest estimation) with filling stratum cards and assignation of necessary forest management arrangements. Forest rangers in forest enterprises make rough estimation of allotments, they attend one-week training. Forest Managers undertake training and control over works on estimation of allotments. At estimating allotments a territory of the each forest quarter is divided into primary forest record plots stratums. A stratum is a limited area of the forest fund, relatively homogeneous on soil-ground conditions and on content of plants growing there, stipulating same economic arrangements on its territory. A minimal area of a stratum is to be 0,2 ha. Each stratum is characterised in the stratum description and is shown at forest regulation map-case and afforestation plans.
 
2. Inspection of forest cultures of last audit period. This type of field forest management works is one of the most important and is undertaken for the purpose of clarification of forest cultures safety status, their transfer to areas covered by forest, clarification of compliance of areas with development of forest cultures, clarification of reasons for loss of forest cultures and assignation of necessary arrangements. Areas of forest cultures extant presently are recorded at working maps with their dimensions for estimation of stratums with following division into further allotments. A special forest management team does this work with the help of forest survey using azimuth circle.
 
3. Arrangement of bordering and quarters works. At crossover points of borders, quarters and at adjacent borders with lands of another land users there settled quarter and border columns. Sizes, forms and rules of settlement and forming bordering and quarter columns are determined by a special standard.
4. Additional field works. Additional works are undertaken at fields on estimation of natural regeneration, final clarification and approval of a forest enterprise (leshoz) border, analysis of all forest management works from the last audited period, collection of information for future project, generation of a list of rented areas, clarification and approval of a staff schedule for leshoz.
 
Inventory Department. Forest inventory is undertaken to receive an information regarding certain areas of forest. An overall purpose of forest inventory is in presentation of information: determination of entire forest area; definition of forest types; determination of forest functions; description of forest status; description of a sanitary status; description of forest regeneration potential; presentation of information for planning of forest management activity; monitoring of changes during certain time; determination of affiliation. According a new method of forest management, an inventory is done only at areas covered by forest with arrangement there of pilot areas with size 0,05 ha. Trial plots are arranged after every 500 metres by a forest enterprise.
Office studies these are works conjuncted with preparation of project documents, starting from preparation works prior to field trip of a team, and ending with issue of a ready project, including following stages:
 
1. Preparatory work. These are done in parallel with preparatory field works and include preparation of forms, field forms and working maps.
2. Checking and approval of field forms prior to entering to a database.
3. Generation of reliable databases for field estimation of stratums and inventory.
4. Acceptance and preparation of basis for production of forest maps and map-cases. Forest map-cases with scales (dimensions) 1:10000 are taken as a basis, as well as maps of forest plantations of forest enterprises with dimensions 1:25000, also topographical maps with scale 1:25000.
5. Production of forest electronic maps, including numeralization by dot matrix and their further design.
Map-cases are produced in the kind of album containing scale 1:15000. Beside this, different thematic maps are developed. For example, map of plantations with scale 1:25000, which include information about category of lands, species of plantations, stage of development, other data, necessary for elaboration of a project for forest management development.
6. Extraction of data from base and preparation of tables of the project and forest valuation description.
7. Archive database and maps.
8. Work with certain applications.