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Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago




New edition of the Constitution of KR

New edition of the Constitution of KR The General principles of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan) is a sovereign, unitary, democratic Republic, founded as a rule-of-law and secular state. The sovereignty of the Kyrgyz Republic is not restricted and it extends throughout its entire territory. The people of the Kyrgyz Republic bear sovereignty and they are the only source of state power in the Kyrgyz Republic.

The people of the Kyrgyz Republic exercise their power directly, trough the system of state bodies and bodies of local self-government on the basis of the Constitution and laws of the Kyrgyz Republic. Only the President of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic, which are elected by the people, are entitled to act on behalf of the people of the Kyrgyz Republic. Amendments to the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, laws of the Kyrgyz Republic and other important matters of state significance can be put to the referendum (nation-wide elections).

The procedure of holding the referendum is set by the Constitutional Court. Citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic elect: The President of the Kyrgyz Republic; Deputies of the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic; Their representative to the bodies of local self-government. Elections are free and are held on the basis of the equal and direct universal suffrage by secret ballot. The citizens who have reached the age of 18 have the right to elect. The state and its bodies serve the whole society, and not any particular group. No group of people, no association and no individual person is entitled to assume power in the state. The territory of the Kyrgyz Republic within its current boundaries is inviolable and indivisible. For the purposes of organizing state government and local self-government, the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic is divided by law into administrative-territorial units: 7 provinces; 40 districts; 22 cities; 468 municipal administrations The cities of Bishkek and Osh are the cities of national significance and their status is determined by law.

The Kyrgyz Republic recognizes and protects private, state, municipal, and other forms of property. Land, minerals, air space, water, forests, flora and fauna, and all other natural resources are the property of the Kyrgyz Republic, and they are used as a basis for life and activity of the people of the Kyrgyz Republic, and are under special protection of the state. Land can also be owned privately, municipally and otherwise. Limits and order of the execution of the rights of the landowners and their guarantees are determined by law. The state language of the Kyrgyz Republic is Kyrgyz. Russian is used as an official language in the Kyrgyz Republic. The Kyrgyz Republic guarantees to the representatives of all nationalities, which form the people of the Kyrgyzstan, the right to preserve their native language, and creation of conditions for its learning and development. The abridgement of the rights and freedoms of the citizens on account of ignorance of the state or official languages is not allowed. The Kyrgyz Republic has state symbols flag, emblem, anthem. Their description and order of official utilization are set by law. The capital of the Kyrgyz Republic is Bishkek The currency unit of the Kyrgyz Republic is the Kyrgyz Som.