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Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago




Assumption of an office

Inauguration ceremony a retrospective. The Presidential inauguration is a formal ceremony involving the induction of a new head of state into office. The word inauguration comes from the Latin inaugurare and means to consecrate. Each country has its own particular way of inaugurating a new head of state. The inauguration ceremony for a new American President has served as a model for many countries. In the more than 200 years of its history, the United States has held over 50 Presidential inaugurations the first of them, modest and brief. Now the ceremony takes place in Washington on a fixed date, January 20, and begins at noon as the official term of the sitting President expires. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court administers the oath to the new President and then to the Vice President. The occasion is celebrated with a parade, followed by balls, receptions, parties and concerts. American protocol has been adopted by a number of other countries, though in most the inauguration date is not fixed. In European countries the ceremony tends to be shorter, with less pomp than in the United States.

The main model for Europe was France, where Presidential power was last transferred on May 17, 1995, when Jacques Chirac replaced Francois Mitterrand. During a meeting between the two, the outgoing leader informed his successor of state secrets and the codes to Frances nuclear arsenal. According to tradition, a new head of state receives the insignia of Presidential power. The ceremony ends with a salute and a short speech by the new President. This is how the procedure works in countries with a republican form of government. Essentially, the ritual is modeled on a coronation ceremony. A ceremony for Inauguration of Kurmanbek Bakiev, who was elected to the post of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic by a nation-wide vote, took place on August 14, 2005. Kurmanbek Bakiev was elected President of the Kyrgyz Republic for a five-year term.