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Âû çäåñü: ÑÒÀÒÜÈ / Strategies / Comprehensive Development Framework for the Kyrgyz Republic (2001)


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Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago




Appendix D. Action Plan (Matrix)

Objective
Actions
Expected results
 
Effective and transparent state governance
 
Democratic and open system of government
 
Create an appropriate legal framework to support accelerated reforms for social and economic development.
 
Increase legislative efficiency by:
-  ensuring concordance in the process of developing draft legislation among various elements of government with contemporaneous identification of priorities and consistency of legal documents;
-  improving the quality of legislative drafting, its justification and results, through wide discussion of draft laws in civil society;
-  providing consistency between national and international law on the basis of agreements and treaties signed by the Kyrgyz Republic with other nations;
- strengthening the capacity of the staff of the Kyrgyz Parliament, legal services of the executive and judicial branches of government;
Review an issue of the adequate funding necessary for implementation of laws and regulations.
 
Acceleration of reforms in the social and economic development of the country on the basis of coherent legislation that meets the needs of both the state and society.
Establish an independent, objective and transparent judiciary.
 
Develop Concept and Program of reforming the judiciary and law enforcement bodies by:
-creating a legal basis for the independence, protection and responsibilities of judges;
- system of electing judges for general jurisdiction local courts and local arbitration courts;
- reforming the court system, simplifying and increasing efficiency of judicial procedures;
-reforming and strengthening the role of advocacy because of its importance for protecting the legitimate rights of people;
-reforming interrogation and investigation bodies;
-improving the system for executing judicial decisions;
-reforming the penitentiary system;
-creating a system of qualification upgrading among the staff of the judiciary and law enforcement bodies;
-improving the quality of society's awareness of legal issues and creating a system of legal information.
Provide civil society, private sector and mass media with access to the government database on laws and regulations.
 
Equal and fair protection of rights and freedoms of individuals, legal entities and the state.
An independent and effective judiciary.
An efficient penitentiary system, Improved interrogation and investigation procedures and proper execution of court orders.
Professional judges and other judicial personnel.
Transparency of judicial processes and decisions made.
Reform the executive branch of the government
Conduct a functional analysis of ministries and administrative agencies.
Eliminate duplication of activities and the number of state administrative staff following the reduction in the functions of state bodies.
Design and implement a Strategy and Program of decentralizing government functions and developing local self-government to year 2010 with provisions for:
-rationalizing national, oblast and local elements of the executive branch by ensuring their compliance with the requirements of democratization, openness, accountability and effective management;
-redistributing state regulatory functions among elements of the executive while gradually delegating certain regulatory functions to the private sector and NGOs;
-reforming the state financial system at national and regional levels to redistribute responsibilities between their respective budgets on both the revenue and expenditure sides;
-strengthen local governments’ administrative abilities to handle legal, financial and economic issues.
Provide further democratization of the budgetary process through accountability and transparency measures, as well as by providing the public with general access to budget formation and implementation.
Optimize territorial administrative division.
 
Clear separation of duties and authorities between national and local elements of the executive branch.
Efficient local self-government supported by an appropriate financial and economic base.
Reduced administrative costs for maintenance of the executive branch.
Reduced level of bureaucratic administration.
Democratization of state governance.
 
Professional, efficient and accountable civil service
 
Create a professional and efficient civil service.
Adopt regulations aimed at strengthening the civil service, protecting civil servants, preventing and fighting corruption.
Create a remuneration system for civil servants that reflects professional and other requirements.
Set up a system of ongoing training, re-training and skills enhancement for civil servants.
Create and implement a set of measures that provide for openness and accountability of state authorities and civil servants.
 
An effective, efficient and professional civil service.
Reduced government corruption.
 
 
 
Democratic institutions
 
Promote state and non-governmental human rights protection agencies.
Improve mechanisms for protection and full enforcement of human rights, by supporting relevant non-governmental institutions, conducting regular studies, open hearings and discussions.
Pursuing an active gender equity policy, expanding the scope of women's participation in state and community bodies, protection of women’s rights.
Introduce an Ombudsmen practice and create conditions for its effective operation.
 
Compliance with international requirements on observance of human rights and freedoms.
Well-developed state and non-governmental systems for protection of human rights.
Greater involvement of women in all aspects of public life and spheres of state operation.
Develop civil society institutions
Develop an integrated development concept of democratic institutions and civil society, including:
- development of NGOs and conditions for their efficient operation;
-promotion  of mass media;
-development and strengthening of local communities;
-mechanisms for implementation of civil initiatives.
Participation of democratic institutions in CDF implementation and monitoring.
 
Real participation of civil society organizations in public and political life, involvement in policy making.
 
 
Fair society providing human development and protection
 
Poverty reduction
 
Poverty reduction
Develop private sector.
Create conditions stimulating “self support” and “self help” among the poor.
Broaden micro-lending facility, expand the network of credit unions, credit cooperatives and other similar agencies.
Increase efficiency of managing state expenditures directed at social protection.
Increase role of local self-government.
Strengthen interaction between state government entities, local authorities, private sector and civil society on efficient use of available resources for the purposes of poverty reduction.
 
Reduction of poverty by about one-half by 2010.
 
Employment, labor market and creation of new job opportunities
 
Active promotion of employment
Promote vocational training and re-training of the unemployed in skills required by the market.
Support vocational training and further employment of orphans, invalids and refugees.
Strengthen the system of paid public works.
Strengthen availability of micro-lending to the unemployed.
Gradually reallocate the burden of contributions to the Employment Fund from employers to employees.
Legislate to organize export of temporarily free labor resources.
Expand the network of youth labor exchanges.
Increase employment of unemployed women and able-bodied invalids.
 
Increase in employment.
Increase in employment level among unemployed youth, women and invalids.
Addressing employment issues together with social partners.
 
Social protection*
 
Enhanced effectiveness of social benefits
Improve existing system of benefits.
Improve methods of identifying needs for state support.
Finalize and introduce an effective mechanism of compensating needy people for increased energy tariffs.
 
Increased efficiency and targeting of the social protection to help most needy people.
More effective social protection of people
Gradually raise the level of state benefits.
Encourage self-support among vulnerable people.
Improve methods of computing minimum social standards.
Take measures to ensure timely deliver of benefits.
Develop a system of providing social services on the basis of competition.
Establish social services to support children with disabilities, disadvantaged, street, and other socially vulnerable children.
 
Increased social support of needy people.
Sustainable social protection for pensioners
Increase basic pension rate.
Index pension rates.
Index deposits in personal insurance accounts.
Create non-governmental pension funds.
Increase assistance to single, disabled and elderly people.
Improve support of the relevant social institutions.
 
Improved pensioners’ living standards.
Ensure financial sustainability of the Pension Fund
 
Continue reforms of the existing pension system and introduce principle of accrued financing.
Gradually reduce rate of insurance contributions from employer and increase share paid by employee.
Improve investment management of temporarily free resources.
 
Financially sustainable pension system
Full and timely financing of all state social guarantees
Improve system of targeted support to poor, especially pensioners and disabled, homeless, including support by organizing and maintaining asylums and boarding houses, free cafeterias, etc.
Reform mechanism of financing budgetary organizations in different sectors of economy, such as health and education.
 
Improved social support of the least supported people.
Improved funding of social guarantees to people.
Increase income level of able-bodied population
Reform of the labor payment system
Reduction of poverty level
 
Access to education, higher standards and quality of education
 
Ensure accessibility and quality of primary and secondary education
Reorient state financing of education to primary and full secondary education.
Introduce per capita financing of public schools.
Support construction, reconstruction and modernization of schools.
Continue broad computerization of schools.
Strengthen material and technical base of schools in small cities, towns, mountainous and remote areas.
Develop and publish new textbooks and methodological materials.
Expand the system of board of trustees in educational institutions; develop necessary legal framework to ensure their transparency.
Improve the system of teacher retraining and qualification upgrading, disseminate advanced pedagogical practices in schools, introduce the system of distance teacher training.
 
Accessible quality training in public schools
Effective vocational education
 
Modernize vocational training system.
Promote close collaboration between vocational schools, employers and employment services.
Design and implement a development concept of the market-oriented vocational training schools.
Train and find employment for youth from socially vulnerable groups, including orphans, invalids, and refugees.
 
Increased number of employed graduates of vocational schools.
Accessible vocational education for socially vulnerable people.
Quality and financial sustainability of higher education
Introduce system of state procurement of higher education services.
Develop state system of scholarships, loans and grants for able students.
Integrate educational system into international educational community.
Actively use new information technologies and automation of educational institutions.
Form modern information base of education and training technologies.
Integrate higher education and academic sciences.
Create independent testing and accrediting agencies and introduce international accreditation system.
Improve the system of licensing and testing higher educational institutions.
 
Well-educated and highly qualified experts that meet market demands
 
Science and Culture
 
Preserve scientific potential and create conditions for development of the most promising directions of science; strengthen interaction between science, production and society
Improve regulatory framework of culture.
Promote formation of state order for science on a competitive basis.
Develop transfer system of new technologies.
Form scientific and educational entities integrating science, education and production.
Introduce mechanism of crediting applied studies.
Create conditions for development of small and medium innovation companies.
Improve regulatory framework for protection of intellectual property, as well as norms, standards and systems for certification of products.
Create telecommunications infrastructure for science.
Promote international scientific and technical collaboration.
 
Increased efficiency of scientific research.
Preserve and develop accumulated cultural potential and traditions
Form a system of continuous cultural up-bringing and education.
Carefully preserve traditional culture.
Provide stable state financing of culture.
Create a rational system of staff education and training.
Improve regulatory base.
Promote interaction between entities of culture with businesses.
Restore and expand cultural links.
Stimulate charitable support and sponsorship.
 
High level of culture in the society.
 
Accessibility of healthcare
 
Ensure accessibility and quality of medical services
Form comprehensive integrated system of medical and sanitary aid.
Develop and implement a strategy for managing the quality of medical assistance.
Improve: quality of medical education, standards of licensing and accrediting medical institutions, certification of medical personnel.
Improve production and supply of medical products to healthcare institutions, including issues of pricing.
 
Higher quality of healthcare services.
Reduced mortality rates, particularly children’s and maternal mortality.
Reduced morbidity rate.
Introduce and enhance new methods of funding
Develop a system of mandatory medical insurance.
Introduce and improve a system of “uniform payer”.
Introduce programs of state guarantees.
 
Sustainable and effective financing of healthcare system.
Strengthen the role of public healthcare
Improve program of protecting maternity and childhood, family planning, medical social patronage.
Implement measures for fighting infectious and non-infectious diseases.
Increase awareness of people on healthy life style.
Improve activity of public healthcare services.
Reform sanitary and epidemiological service by integrating it into paramedical and sanitary service.
 
Improved health indicators.
Good level of public awareness and orientation to healthy life style.
Develop and promote physical education and sports
Create a system of life-long physical education of people.
Promote children’s and adolescent sports.
Strengthen material and technical base of sports institutions.
Stable funding of sports facilities.
Create favorable conditions for training sportsmen performing at the international level.
 
Prevention of diseases, improvement of health, higher level of labor capabilities among people.
International sports achievements.
Gender equality
Pursue active gender policy,  including:
- development and implementation of mechanisms for protection  of rights and full equality  of  women in  getting access to education,  health care,  professional  activity,  including civil  service;
- gender evaluation  of draft  laws;
- promotion  of  women's organizations;
- development of  gender statistics, and indicators of  the gender policy implementation.
 
Active and fair participation  of women in  the political,  social  and economic life of the society. Better protection of women.
 
Development Security
 
Increase personal and public security
 
Strengthen system of personal and proprietary security of people
Elaborate and adopt regulations increasing personal and proprietary security of people.
Expand collaboration with other countries in fighting drug dealership and organized crime.
Set up efficient system for preventing crimes.
Elaborate and introduce programs aimed at strengthening educational work with people and increasing their legal literacy.
Include courses in school curricula aimed at developing respect for law.
 
Real personal and proprietary security of people.
Expansion of legal economic activity.
Reduced level of crime.
Increased legal literacy of people.
Higher efficiency of the system of state and civil control and supervision over labor protection  and labor conditions
Develop legislative and regulatory framework.
Build and develop technical and methodological capacity of the State Labor Inspection.
Reduction of employment injuries, occupational diseases and compensation costs.
Reduction in the number of fatal accidents and number of handicapped due to occupational diseases and employment injuries
 
Improve regulatory framework regulating activities of law enforcement bodies
Develop new laws on Ministry of Internal Affairs, Prosecutor’s Office, Ministry of Justice, and National Security Council. New laws must be adapted to modern social, economic and political situation and provide protection of human rights.
 
Increased operational efficiency of law enforcement bodies
 
Reduce level of corruption and illegal economy
 
Reduce corruption, economic crimes and smuggling
Elaborate and implement a state program on fighting corruption, economic crimes and smuggling, that includes:
-optimizing forms, methods, and means to combat corruption and economic crimes;
-improving methods for revealing and liquidating criminal entities;
-mechanism of organizing joint actions within regional and international organizations;
-strengthening supervision and improving regulation of relations in financial, crediting, banking, insurance and pension systems;
-improving forms and methods of preventing smuggling;
-measures to eliminate corruption in law enforcement bodies and other state structures.
 
Reduced corruption, crimes and smuggling.
 
Protection from international terrorism and illegal turnover of drugs
 
Improve effectiveness of ensuring national security 
Develop and implement:
-concept of national security;
-law on national security;
-new military doctrine of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Optimize structure of the military, creating military infrastructure in the south of the country.
Expand international collaboration in developing collective (regional) security from international terrorism.
Strengthened state security 
Implement a set of measures to fight drug dealerships and trafficking
Develop and implement national program to fight illegal turnover of drugs.
Expand international collaboration in fighting drug dealerships and drug trafficking.
 
Reduced criminal activity.
Reduced drug abuse.
 
 
Reduction of damage from calamities  
 
Reduce damage from natural and man-caused disasters and accidents
Enhance control over potential sources of man-caused catastrophes (tailing pits, transportation of poisonous and explosive items, etc.).
Monitor and forecast natural disasters.
Develop and create a system of “unified monitoring network of changes in natural and man-made environment”.
Develop and introduce the program “Development of industry for construction of seismically proof buildings, civil and protective facilities”.
 
Reduced risks related to damage from man-caused and natural disasters
 
Environmental protection
 
Improvement of national environmental policy
Improve environmental legislation:
-revise regulatory framework to bring it into compliance with international standards;
-develop law on environmental insurance;
Analyze information on mountainous eco-systems and evaluate their stability.
Improved legal foundation for environmental stability.
Development of regional approach to management of mountainous eco-systems.
Sustainable development of mountainous eco-systems.
 
Reduction of human impact on environment
Develop and adopt regulations on reduction of discharge of solid wastes and emissions of antropogenic gas wastes into the atmosphere.
Develop and introduce systems for efficient control of environmental quality.
Develop system of gradual transfer to nonconventional and renewable energy sources.
Promote introduction of advanced experience in utilizing industrial and household wastes.
Develop and introduce economic incentives to switch to low waste or wasteless technologies.
Introduce payment system for radioactive pollution.
 
Reduced morbidity.
Reduced load on conventional energy sources.
Reduced impact on environment.
Reduced volumes of chemical and radioactive wastes.
 
 
Reduce level of land degrading
Develop and introduce the program “Re-cultivation and rehabilitation of degraded lands”.
Adapt and introduce UN CSD indicators for evaluation of land use sustainability.
 
Increased fertility of arable land.
Development of instruments for monitoring and evaluating efficiency of land use.
 
Increase efficiency of water resource utilization and amelioration of agricultural lands
Introduce amendments and addenda in water legislation based on new political, economic and social situation.
Complete water resource survey and compilation of the national database on status and use of water resources.
Evaluate impact of return water on basin industrial water balances.
Adapt and introduce UN CSD indicators for evaluation of sustainable water use.
Introduce modern systems of managing water funds.
Create associations of water users.
Provide gradual transfer to advanced technologies of irrigating arable lands.
Introduce economic instruments to transfer to efficient water use (water saving technologies).
 
Preserved water resources.
Reduced water losses.
Preserve and foster biological diversity
 
Develop a system of legal and economic instruments for preserving local and global bio-diversity.
Expand and develop national network of specially protected territories.
Protect glacier zones and bio-diversity of mountainous areas.
Expand planting forests in eroded and water collecting territories.
Develop the Republican Biodiversity Cadastre.
 
Increased efficiency of bio-diversity management.
Orientation of local population to rational use of nature.
 
Sustainable economic growth and development
 
 
Monetary policy
 
Maintaining purchasing power of the domestic currency
 
Monetary policy directed at reduction of inflation and supporting its level under 5 per cent p.a. from 2005.
Coordinate monetary and fiscal policy.
Maintain level of international reserves at about three months of imports.
Aim exchange rate policy at smoothing out sharp fluctuations of the exchange rate.
Encourage the development of different forms of payment instruments, abolishing barter and money surrogates, reducing level of accounts payable and receivable in the economy.
 
Price stability.
Increased confidence in the national currency.
Increased monetization of the economy and broadening impact of monetary policy and its effectiveness.
 
 
Improvement of monetary policy instruments
 
Adjust policy on reserve requirements as necessary.
Develop market for foreign exchange swaps and forward transactions.
Introduce commercial bills rediscount system for efficient enterprises.
 
Flexible approach to monetary policy.
Financial markets able to offer wider range of services to commercial users.
Increased lending to efficient enterprises.
 
Further increase transparency of monetary policy
 
Raise the quality of analysis and research behind monetary policy formulation.
Expand the number of NBKR publications and periodicals using modern information technology.
Conduct public awareness campaigns on the goals, content and results of monetary policy.
 
Greater public confidence in and understanding of monetary policy.
 
 
Budget and tax policy, external debt management
 
Greater transparency of budget and tax policy.
 
Improve classification of state expenditures.
Reform Treasury system and its regional offices.
Introduce international accounting and auditing standards in Treasury system.
Improve expenditure accountability within PIP.
Consolidate extra-budgetary funds and special reserves within the budget.
Publish budget reports regularly.
Discipline procedures for budget formulation, approval and implementation.
Develop a strategy for reforming inter-budgetary relations.
Ensure accuracy of information.
 
Transparent budgetary process.
Greater control over accumulation and use of state financial resources.
Full accountability of non-budgetary funds.
 
 
Enhance efficiency and effectiveness of state services
Switch to program budgeting for state budget.
Improve methods for compiling macroeconomic forecasts and mid-term financial plans.
 
Increase effectiveness of state expenditures.
Reform the tax system with the aim of removing corruption, stimulating economic activity and increasing budget revenue
Strengthen tax administration.
Introduce tax on mineral resources with corresponding cancellation of payments for restoration of mineral resource base.
Introduce a Law on “Agreements for sharing products while using mineral deposits”.
Improve the system of taxing small and medium-sized business enterprises.
Increase transparency of the tax law.
Introduce simplified property tax system.
Reduce income tax and profit tax rates.
Gradually increase land tax with the eventual aim of levying it on the basis of market value of land.
Reduce road tax and emergency tax rates by 50% and later abolish them.
 
Broader tax base.
Encouraged investments.
Shadow economy reduced.
Tax burden on business enterprises reduced.
Independent tax base for local budgets.
 
Sustainable level of official foreign debt
Develop and implement a state debt management strategy.
Restructure debt where possible.
Offer swaps of debt for equity in state-owned companies.
Prioritize programs and projects using criteria emphasizing cost effectiveness and favorability.
Create an efficient system of state assets management.
Use the scheme of “debts for ecology” swaps.
 
Reduced debt burden.
 
Foreign economic policy
 
Increase export of goods and services
Develop and adopt export stimulating measures.
Promote investments in export oriented production.
Eliminate export barriers.
Provide information support to exporters.
Use extensively preferential treatment available to developing countries.
Increase competitiveness of domestic products.
Assure tariff protection for new productions.
Regulate operations of the customs service to remove malpractice.
Improve informational and market support for local producers of goods.
 
Increased export to developed countries.
Reduced volumes of import.
Increased budget revenue, reduced smuggling.
Extensive use of possibilities available within WTO membership, regional and bilateral trade and economic agreements
Identify priority activities within WTO membership.
Provide private sector with wide access to regulations and legislation.
Study and use benefits and advantages of Kyrgyz membership in WTO.
Continue development of Eurasian Economic Union.
Carry out activities within the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation with the EU.
Intensify the work of embassies, trade representatives of the Kyrgyz Republic abroad, as well as inter-governmental commissions.
 
Eliminated trade barriers.
Free movement of capital and labor force.
Expanded trade and economic links.
Expanded markets and investments.
 
Investment policy
 
Create a favorable investment climate
Provide predictability and consistency of reforms.
Provide stability and transparency of legislation.
Reduce level of state interference and corruption.
Gradually switch to visa free regime with developed countries.
Provide investors with access to required information.
Increase share of private investments in priority sectors within the total volume of investments.
 
Increased attractiveness of the Kyrgyz economy for local and foreign investors.
Increased volume of private investment in the economy.
Effective implementation of PIP
Increase use of international credit lines in implementing CDF priorities.
Maximize involvement of local businesses and commercial banks in providing a wider range of local services and resources to state investment projects.
Increase effectiveness of on-going projects.
Strengthen coordination of donor assistance.
 
Development of country’s productive and social infrastructure.
 
Property relations and market functioning
 
Restructuring, denationalization and privatization of state-owned property
Ensure effective denationalization and privatization of entities in monopolized sectors of economy, as well as utility sector and resort-recreational sphere.
Provide transparent and effective management of state property.
Develop corporate governance culture in joint stock companies in all sectors of the economy.
 
Development and effective operation of private sector.
Growth in the volume, availability, quality and competitiveness of goods and services.
Growth of the private sector input in the gross domestic product.
 
Conduct an effective antimonopoly policy
Prevent monopolistic activity, dishonest competition.
Develop and implement regulations strengthening protection of consumers’ rights.
Overcome monopolization of the state administrative system, and its direct and indirect interference in business activities.
Delegate, as appropriate, regulatory functions to private sector entities.
 
Development of competitive environment.
Restriction of price growth.
Financial revival; bankruptcy of insolvent enterprises
Increase coordination of state lending agencies in bankruptcy procedures.
Preserve strategic and socially important production.
Develop regulations and mechanisms impeding deliberate leading of enterprises to bankruptcy, through control and transparency of decision-making processes; and ensuring transparency in making decisions on economic disputes by arbitration courts.
 
Improved financial condition of enterprises, increased use of productive potential, increase in the volume of produced goods and services, restored and newly-created job vacancies.
Form a land and real estate market
Implement the state development concept of real estate market.
Set up a uniform registration system of immovable property.
Encourage formation of private sector organizations capable of performing independent land, business and real estate assessment.
 
Strengthening of private sector and its capacity through investments and effective work of owners.
Rational use of land resources.
 
Develop market infrastructure
Create and improve legislative framework.
Stimulate development of institutions serving commodity, services, capital and labor markets.
Increased volume of services rendered by market institutions.
New vacancies for qualified professionals.
 
 
Effective financial system
 
Provide an efficient, safe and reliable banking system;
Increased public confidence in banking system
Improve banking supervision, prudential norms and introduce standards of mandatory public disclosure of financial reporting by commercial banks and other financial and crediting institutions.
Develop a corporate governance culture in commercial banks.
Form a system of early warning and localization of problems in commercial banks.
Take measures to enhance legal accountability of banks' directors and stakeholders with large number of shares that have possibility of influencing decision-making, for the results of commercial banks’ operations.
Create a system of mandatory insurance of personal deposits in the domestic currency, financed by commercial banks, to be given effect after the revival of banking system.
Grant effectively operating credit unions the right to attract deposits from their members.
Increased volume of savings in banking system, mobilization of other financial resources.
Increase volume of lending to productive sectors by commercial banks and other financial institutions
 
Improve business conditions for entrepreneurs –clients of commercial banks and other financial institutions.
Take measures to increase responsibility of borrowers for timely repayment of loans through improvement of collateral legislation; actions include non-judicial acquisition of pledged property.
Encourage business enterprises to adopt international standards of financial reporting.
Introduce modern effective system of long-term lending, including activity of KAFC and Kyrgyz Investment and Credit Bank.
Provide for effective participation of commercial banks in using loans attracted by the government on concessional terms.
Develop syndicated forms of crediting.
 
Developing and expanding production of goods and services.
Creating new jobs.
 
Provide access to financial services throughout the republic
Promote extension of commercial banks’ and other financial institutions’ branches.
Promote development and strengthening of credit unions with potential for their transformation into cooperative banks.
Create special state Postal Bank.
Convert KAFC into a rural bank.
Attract a strategic investor for privatization of SSC.
Promote modern banking technologies and management in the country.
Access to quality banking services and credit resources throughout the country.
Increased quality and reduced cost of banking services through increased competition.
 
Provide lending to small rural producers
 
Develop and adopt the Law “On micro-crediting” and other regulations on activities of micro-lending institutions.
Identify a state body regulating and coordinating activity of micro-crediting institutions.
Combine micro-crediting activities with training programs on basics of entrepreneurship for villagers.
Increased level of economic literacy and credit culture.
Increased micro-crediting as result of effective regulation and coordination of micro-crediting institutions.
Develop the non-banking financial sector
Broaden mandatory types of insurance.
Elaborate new economic norms, reporting forms and other regulations.
Strengthen supervision of non-banking financial institutions.
Adopt the Law “On non-governmental pension funds”.
 
Stronger insurance system.
Increased insurance protection.
An improved source of loan capital on the domestic market.
Lighter load on state budget in case of emergencies.
Additional sources of income for senior citizens.
New source of long-term lending capital.
Develop the equity market
Create conditions for mobilization of private savings.
Use and redistribute investment resources effectively.
Increase inflow of capital to the private sector.
Improve regulatory framework of the stock market.
Develop stock exchange market infrastructure.
Provide transparency in the activity of issuers of securities.
Organize debt liability trade.
Strengthen supervision over participants of the equity market.
Increased inflow of investments for development of economy.
 
Development of small and medium-size business enterprises 
 
Regulatory support of individual, small and medium-size businesses
Improve regulatory framework aimed at creating favorable conditions for development of entrepreneurship, that includes:
- full and fair protection of entrepreneurs’ rights;
(justified reduction of licenses, permits, inspections and other regulatory activities of the state);
-creation of conditions for free and effective development and legalization of businesses.
 
Favorable environment for entrepreneurship, increased number of individual, small and medium-size businesses.
New job vacancies.
Financial and investment support to individual, small and medium-size businesses
Improve system of taxing individual, small and medium-size businesses, simplify tax administration procedures.
Provide wider access to loan resources, allocated for support of private sector from government-guaranteed official borrowing.
Allocate necessary funding of priorities from national and local budgets through financial and crediting institutions.
Create conditions for business self-financing through commercial financial institutions.
Develop micro-crediting system.
Greater private sector contribution to GDP.
Greater employment in entrepreneurship sector.
Institutional strengthening of individual, small and medium-size businesses
Strengthen private ownership rights.
Develop informational, innovational and technological support.
Create system of training and re-training entrepreneurs on business-planning, marketing, management and finances.
Promote creation of commodity producers association with gradual delegation of certain regulatory functions of the state to public unions and associations.
Create a network of advisory centers, providing businessmen with commercial, marketing and legal information.
Stimulate production of compatible goods and services.
Stimulate introduction of innovative technologies, increasing export capacity.
Increased efficiency of private entrepreneurship.
Growth of economic and social capacity of small and medium-size businesses.
 
Effective real sector
 
Provide energy independence and increase of electric energy exports
Rehabilitate and renew equipment of electric power stations.
Rehabilitate and increase capacity of sub-stations and power transmitting lines.
Use more electric power for household and industrial needs.
Develop hydropower capacity, including small hydro power stations.
Expand export of electric power.
Reduce technical and commercial losses of electric power.
Improved access of people to electric power.
Reduced dependence on import of mineral energy resources.
Development of agribusiness
Improve regulatory framework of market reforms in the agrarian sector.
Set up a registration system of private land ownership and legal rights to it, introduce normative assessment of land plots.
Develop rural advisory and marketing services, insurance system
Stimulate production of environmentally clean products.
Stimulate internal and external investments to agrarian sector.
Stimulate activity of private companies in provision of agricultural machinery.
Ban local authorities’ interference in operation of markets.
Reform system of managing water supply sector.
Adopt regulations on responsibility for use of pastures.
Stimulate intensive ways of agricultural development.
 
Better food security.
Increased export of processed agricultural product.
Increased income of rural population.
Development of mining industry
Attract investors for geological studies and development of deposits.
Take measures in implementing prospective mining projects.
Expand exploration and investigation of new deposits of minerals.
 
Increased extraction of mineral resources.
Development of tourism industry
Create favorable regulatory framework (visa regime, regime of stay, security) for development of foreign tourism.
Develop tourism infrastructure.
Implement capacities of the Great Silk Road Concept.
Implement Tourism Development Strategy to year 2010.
Increased inflow of foreign tourists in the country.
Increased revenue from tourism.
New job vacancies.
Integration into international information, transport and telecommunications infrastructure
Modernize network of existing and construct new roads and railways providing territorial linkages.
Promote investments to maintain and construct roads.
Modernize airports and retrain the staff.
De-monopolize market of aviation services.
Create favorable conditions for development of modern telecommunication system.
Expand representation of foreign air companies in the Kyrgyz Republic.
De-monopolize market of telecommunication services. 
Provide broader access of people to telecommunications services.
Ensure comprehensive development of the information technologies.
 
Favorable business environment.
Increase of transit carriages.
Reduced regional isolation.
Increased volume and quality of aviation services.
Free and wide public access to information resources.
Integration of the Republic into international information space.
 
Development of regions, small cities and remote areas
 
Efficient use of capacities of regions, cities and villages
Develop and implement:
-long-term comprehensive programs of social and economic development of provinces;
-comprehensive development programs of capital cities – Bishkek and Osh.
Rational use of human, material, technical and natural resources of regions, cities and villages.
Transfer of all regions to self-supporting and self-financing principles.
Reducing domestic and foreign migration.
Reduced poverty and increased social standards.
Social and economic development of small cities, depressed mountainous and remote areas
 
Develop and implement:
-strategies for development of small cities;
-strategies for development of depressed remote areas with severe natural and climatic conditions.
Development of depressed areas, small cities and remote villages.
Increased employment and reduced poverty.
Reduced migration.
Provide employment for highlanders
Create conditions for development of economic activities in mountainous areas (e.g., yak breeding, ecological tourism, handicrafts).
Create associations of mountain users.
Improve resource base of development.
Construct mountain villages with modern infrastructure.
Develop micro-crediting systems.
 
Improved financial status of people.
Effective use of lands, forests and water resources.
 
Revise norms and standards of basic public services to people in cities and villages and improve infrastructure to support these norms and standards
 
Improve norms and provide standards of:
-water use and utility services;
-healthcare and sanitary services;
-educational services;
-transportation services;
-information and cultural services (telecommunication, radio, TV, press, and libraries, etc.).
Improved and equalized conditions and quality of life.
Reduced migration.
Increase house construction and improve access of people to housing accommodation and essential infrastructure
 
Implement State Housing Construction Program to year 2010.
Increase average dwelling space by 2005 to 12.9 square meters per capita and 14.2 square meters by 2010.
 
Gradual rehabilitation of central water supply and sewerage systems in cities and villages
 
Rehabilitate technical condition of central water supply and sewerage systems.
Increase access of villagers to safe drinking water.
Revise and provide state registration of water collecting and water supplying facilities and establish a formal register.
Reduced morbidity from intestinal infections.
Improved quality of life.

* All measures aimed at increasing the level of social payments and benefits will be realized taking into account the capacity of the state budget.