: / Strategies / Comprehensive Development Framework for the Kyrgyz Republic (2001)

Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago

Appendix B. Kyrgyz Republic at a Glance (2000)

Geographic, natural and climate conditions
North-Eastern part of Central Asia
Neighboring countries
Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China
Total surface area
199 900 square km.
Physical geography
90% of the territory is located 1500 meters above sea level.
Mountains divide the country into Northern and Southern zones
Dry, continental
Use of land
53.9% is agricultural land, of which 12.7% is arable, 5.1% - forests, 4.3% - water, 36.7% - others
Population, mid-year
4907.6 thousand
Population density
24 persons per 1 square meter
Population growth rate
0.8 % average per annum
Social and demographic structure
65% of the population are rural,
37.1% are youth of 14-34,
30% are children below 14,
9.6% are above able-bodied age
Ethnic composition
64.8% Kyrgyz, 13.8% Uzbek, 12.5% Russian and 8.9% others
75 % Muslims, 20% Orthodox Christians, 5% others
State language - Kyrgyz, official Russian
Structure of state
Establishment of statehood
Independent state since 1991.
Constitution adopted in May 1993.
Form of governance
Head of state
President (general and direct elections for 5 years)
Legislative power
Bicameral Parliament Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic of 105 MPs elected for 5 years.
Legislative Assembly of 60 MPs, 15 places given to political parties
Peoples Representatives Assembly of 45 MPs
Executive power
Government of the Kyrgyz Republic
Head of the Government Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic appointed by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic with consent of the Peoples Representatives Assembly of Jogorku Kenesh
Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic,
Supreme Court of the Kyrgyz Republic,
Superior Arbitrary Court of the Kyrgyz Republic,
Local courts
Administrative-territorial structure
7 provinces consisting of 40 districts,
21 cities, 29 towns and 430 village councils (keneshes).
Bilateral and multilateral relations
The Kyrgyz Republic is a member to UN, CIS, OSCE, WTO, WB, IMF, ADB, EBRD, IDB and other international organizations and maintains diplomatic relations with 67 countries.
Social sphere
Average monthly salary
1124.0 soms
Average monthly income per capita
708.9 soms
Minimal consumer budget
1205.3 soms
98.7% of the population at the age of 15 and above
10% of the population at the age of 15 and above have higher education
Poverty level
52.3% f the total population
17.8% are extremely poor
80% of the poor are rural
Level of unemployment
11.5% - total unemployment
3.0 % are registered unemployed
62% of the unemployed are females
Life expectancy at birth
63.1 years for males
71.2 years for females
Birth rate
19.7 per 1000 people
Infant mortality
22 per 1000 of those born
Access to healthcare services
85.6% have real access to medical services
Availability of dwelling
65% of people possess dwelling spaces of less than 5 square meters per a person
Access to drinking water pipe-lines
90.2% of urban people
19% of rural people
Access to sewerage systems
15% of people
Access to electric power
99.4% of people
Access to telecommunications
174 telephone sets per 1,000 people in cities
28 telephone sets per 1,000 people in rural areas
Human development index
0.706 (1999), 97th place in the world
Economy and finance
Domestic currency
1 sm = 100 tiyins, introduced on 05.10.1993
48,3 soms = 1 $US (as of the end of 2000)
9.6% as of the end of 2000
US$ 1304 mln.
GDP growth rate
GDP structure
36.8% - agriculture
21.5% - industry
34.5% - trade and services
Share of private sector in GDP
GDP per capita
265.0 $US
State budget revenue to GDP
State budget expenditure to GDP
State budget expenditure for education to GDP
State budget expenditure for healthcare to GDP
State budget expenditure for social protection and insurance to GDP
State budget expenditure for security, civil order and defense to GDP
State budget expenditure for preventing and liquidating natural calamities to GDP
Public services
External debt service to export
Foreign debt to GDP
Export to GDP
Import to GDP
Gross investments to GDP
Public investments to GDP
Private investments to GDP
Civil society
Registered public associations
of which:
Religious organizations
Professional unions
Political unions
121, of which 25 political parties
Scientific, technical, cultural and enlightening unions
335, of which 26 ethnic cultural centers
Physical culture and sport unions
Social protection unions
Commercial activity unions
Youth and students associations
Womens public associations
Mass media
500 registered media, of which:
388 printed press
51 electronic media (radio and TV)
Number of national parks and reserves
Emission of pollutants into atmosphere
220.3 thousand tons
Waste water discharge without cleaning or insufficient cleaning applied
4 million cubic meters a day
Volume of industrial and household wastes,
of which household wastes removed
6000 thousand tons
1302 thousand cubic meters
Damage from natural disasters to GDP
3.07% (1998)
Capital investment in environmental protection and rational use of natural resources to GDP
0.11 % (1997)