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: / Strategies / Comprehensive Development Framework for the Kyrgyz Republic (2001)




Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago




8. MONITORING AND EVALUATION

Regular monitoring and evaluation of its intermediate and final results will be the key aspect of the CDF strategy.
 
Monitoring and evaluation system will be an important tool for improving the performance of the CDF approach to national development and will help to identify program achievements and measure progress in attaining CDF objectives, as well as providing a basis for the assessment of the efficiency of the use of resources utilized and measures taken. Monitoring and evaluation will also provide the basis for timely prevention of any negative consequences of inadequate policy and administrative decisions. This will allow to introduce timely adjustments into the current policy and increase the efficiency of the strategy implementation.
 
The CDF monitoring will be based upon regular tracing of selected indicators which meet the criteria for their adequacy in reflecting intermediate results, for their measurability, cost-effectiveness in their collection, and sensitivity to unrelated factors. Effective monitoring of the CDF strategy will require a limited number of indicators able to measure and evaluate implementation of particular activities in order to reveal whether planned goals and objectives are being achieved and what might be their intermediate results.
 
Evaluation will allow to analyze the data using indicators of both quantitative as well as qualitative nature, for the evaluation will address questions as to how and why objectives and intermediate and final results have or have not been achieved. Evaluation will allow to draw a conclusion and make a decision on how to improve the implementation and performance of the CDF and its component programs. The evaluation will provide an opportunity to improve and modify both current as well as future projects.
 
For monitoring and evaluation purposes, the system of indicators may be divided into four groups:
international indicators;
national indicators;
program and regional monitoring indicators; and
indicators of impact.
 
Each of these levels to provide adequate information blocks for monitoring and evaluation.
 
International indicators will be used by international organizations and donors for making international comparisons and analysis. These indicators are relatively few and will help to bring to light common problems of the country and to monitor their development compared with other countries, as well as attracting external resources into priority areas.
 
National indicators will be closely related to international indicators and, apart from general economic data, include more specific indicators relating to development priorities. National indicators are to be used for monitoring more specific changes, trends and problems in the countrys development, as well as for identifying strengths and weaknesses in the economy, opportunities and risks and specific priorities for further development.
 
Program monitoring indicators assess the effectiveness and efficiency with which programs and projects of the CDF are being implemented. Monitoring of results implies measuring the degree of achievement towards goals, as well as on providing feedback from participants on the implementation process, on the effectiveness of measures being taken. These are key indicators that will determine the performance (effectiveness, efficiency, quality of results and impact) of particular strategies and programs, and measures taken as well as resources utilized. Program indicators should be tightly linked to the goals, objectives, outcomes as well as deadlines for planned activities. Regional indicators that will help to reveal regional problems, inequality and disproportion will supplement this group of indicators.
 
Indicators of impact are an important complement to program monitoring indicators. Outcome and impact indicators will be used for evaluation that requires comprehensive in-depth analysis of a larger number of both quantitative and qualitative data on implementation of CDF and its components. For officials and project participants, impact evaluation will become a tool for making decisions, providing accountability before society at large. The data from impact evaluation will serve as an information base for making decisions on expanding, updating or terminating particular CDF programs or strategies, and it will also be used to justify and identify further new priorities.
The list of indicators is provided in the Appendix 5, and is subject to improvement throughout the process of the CDF implementation.
Data for purposes of monitoring based upon indicators will be collected on a regular basis, and data for evaluation of the impact will be collected on the basis of a systematic approach.
The National Statistical Committee, as well as other ministries and government agencies in the fields related to their activities will collect a major part of the data especially quantitative data and will bear full responsibility for the data they collect. Reliability and accuracy of the data will be subject to control and regular, but infrequent checks.
 
Institutionalization of monitoring and evaluation. For the whole system of monitoring and evaluation to function successfully, it has to be institutionalized through legislation. This will require regular internal monitoring and evaluation of CDF-related performance within all ministries and government establishments in order to ensure timely exposure of problems and their solutions within respective organizations as well.
Comprehensive analysis and evaluation of results will be carried out by the Secretariat, the working body of the National CDF Council under the President of the Republic.
For qualitative and efficient CDF monitoring and evaluation, the Secretariat may ask national or international agencies or experts in state, non-governmental and private sectors to do the analysis and evaluation on its behalf. They will provide alternative, complementary and cross-controlling evaluation of CDF and programs implementation efficiency, financed from own resources of the organizations.
 
The results of monitoring and evaluation will be published on an annual basis and submitted to stakeholders in accessible formats, styles and language. This will facilitate feedback to the policy level, where decisions will be taken on the implementation of the CDF and its programs, as well as to the ministries and government agencies involved, from the general public that will be the final beneficiary of the CDF strategy and will evaluate results of its implementation. Openness and transparency in the implementation of the CDF through the dissemination of the results of its monitoring and evaluation and public control, will improve the management, implementation and performance of the strategy and its component programs and projects.
To enhance timely data collection as well as distribution of CDF monitoring and evaluation results, nation-wide computer networks and systems such as Shailoo will be widely used.