¬Ż ÁšŚŮŁ: —“ņ“‹» / Strategies / Comprehensive Development Framework for the Kyrgyz Republic (2001)


Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago


Core principles of successful implementation of the CDF are partnership and active participation of all stakeholders in the process of implementing the measures and attaining the goals.
Successful implementation of the CDF approach requires the formation of working partnerships to participate actively and in a coordinated way in the common effort to implement the strategies set out in this report for attaining the Kyrgyz Republic's major goals: effective and transparent administration of the state; a fair society providing human development and protection; and sustainable economic growth and development. Partnerships will be made up of all elements of the state and society interested in working towards the solution of national problems in political, social and economic spheres. Relationships among the interested parties should be based on a community of interests and business-like cooperation.
In order to reach a balanced overall solution to the nation's problems under the CDF approach, the following basic actions will need to be undertaken:
∑††††††††† the achievement of a community consensus and public support for the CDF approach;
∑††††††††† active participation by, and division of responsibility among, all parties interested in realizing†the national goals;
∑††††††††† adherence to, and continuity of, partnership and participation principles;
∑††††††††† monitoring of progress under the CDF approach; and
∑††††††††† independent evaluation of the outcomes of the various activities implemented under the†strategy.
††††††††††† Major participants will be the state (comprising the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government), civil society (including non-government organizations, political parties, mass media, local self-government structures, scientific and social organizations and the public at large), the private sector, as well as international organizations and donor-countries. All of the stakeholders will have an opportunity to take an active part in CDF actualization, monitoring and evaluation, as well as in program and project development.
††††††††††† A diagram (Involvement matrix) presenting the respective responsibilities and roles of participants in the CDF process (government at all levels, private sector, NGOís, private investors and donors) is to be found below.
††††††††††† Partnership among the CDF actors is to be based on business cooperation and continuous consulting. It implies a broad-based consensus, active participation and division of responsibilities of the stakeholders, consistency and continuity of the efforts to be made within the CDF process, as well as monitoring, analysis and independent evaluation and regular publication of the CDF implementation progress.
These principles will also be applied in preparation of medium-term programs and specific actions to be implemented within the CDF.
7.1.† State Structures
The legislative branch - the Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic- will be responsible for providing the required legislative support for achievement of the CDF objectives, development of the legislative framework in the main areas of the public development, consideration and approval of the budget based upon the objectives and priorities of the long term and mid term development, streamlining and improving the effectiveness of the legislation in the areas of social policy and partnership, economic reforms, tax policy, investment climate and other areas of particular importance for the CDF implementation.
Following are the principal tasks of the executive branch - the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, ministries, state committees, agencies and commissions, local government authorities and local self-government bodies:
∑††††††††† coordination of all activities of state agencies involved into the CDF implementation;
∑††††††††† development and approval of the regulatory framework, necessary for the implementation of†programs and projects under the CDF;
∑††††††††† coordination of the CDF activities of ministries and other state agencies with those of local†government;
∑††††††††† coordination of development and implementation of projects within the CDF framework;
∑††††††††† development of a draft annual program based budget, taking into account financing for the†development and implementation of projects within CDF;
∑††††††††† creation of the institutional environment that will enable and encourage the private sector†and civil society to participate in the CDF;
∑††††††††† mobilization of budget resources required for financing activities under the CDF, and†supervision (jointly with the partners from the civil society) over their allocation and efficient†use;
∑††††††††† coordination of external borrowings, as well as technical assistance and other grants†provided by donor states and international agencies, and supervision (jointly with he civil† society partners) over their allocation and efficient use;
∑††††††††† coordination of efforts on publication of information, organization of public hearings and†discussions with the civil society, and provision of full information on implementation and†outcome of programs and specific events under the CDF to mass media;
††††††††††††††††† The main goals of the judiciary will be the protection of citizensí constitutional rights and freedoms, consistent and uniform enforcement of law throughout the country, ensuring transparency of procedures and decisions, as well as:
∑††††††††† protection of citizensí political rights and freedoms;
∑††††††††† protection of property rights of citizens, business entities and the state;
∑††††††††† participation in the creation of the Office of Ombudsman, and interaction with respective†human rights protection mechanisms.
7.2. The Private Sector
The private sector's main contribution will be to foster economic growth and development in order to create more job opportunities and reduce the level of unemployment, thereby contributing to poverty reduction. This contribution will be based on the favorable conditions created by the government to improve economic activity, promote investment, stabilize economic situation and support domestic manufacturers in key industry sectors, as well as in rural areas, small depressed settlements and remote communities. Broad participation of the private sector in administration of economic processes will be promoted through transfer of some regulatory authority from the state to the private sector.
7.3. Civil Society
The main contributions by elements of civil society to participation in the CDF approach will be active and constructive social partnership and cooperation with the State, private sector and international organizations through:
∑††† continuous public awareness campaigns, development of the feeling of ownership and involvement of the population with the CDF goals, and explanation of the need for consistent joint efforts for achievement of the CDF goals;
∑††† collection, summarization and provision of recommendations on application of the best practices of individuals and civil society organizations in the CDF implementation and monitoring; maintenance of a continuous constructive dialogue with the bodies of the state governance at all stages of the CDF preparation and implementation;
∑††† active involvement in program and project concept development, as well as in their monitoring
††††† and evaluation, supervision over the use and allocation of financial resources.
The civil society will be actively involved in the following stages of the CDF implementation:
∑††††††††† participation in the legislative process to ensure protection of human rights and the interests of participant groups, especially the poor and the socially vulnerable;
∑††††††††† preparation and implementation of programs and projects under the CDF, funded from the state budget and through self - financing (including through organization of various groups using internal or donated funds) and through grants provided by international and private agencies;
∑††††††††† development of social and other standards, linked with priority needs of the population and discussion of draft local and state budgets;
∑††††††††† monitoring and evaluation of the CDF, carrying out independent public opinion polls in order to find out populationís views on the effect of the CDF activities;
∑††††††††† monitoring and controlling efficient and targeted use of funds allocated for implementation of CDF, including through an open and transparent system of accountability of all actors;
∑††††††††† reflection of interests and needs of various layers of the population in the area of human rights protection;
∑††††††††† scientific and analytical tools, related to the identification of scientific approaches to preparation of programs and projects within the CDF, forecasting their outcome, monitoring and evaluating the implementation;
∑††††††††† training and educational programs, related to the preparation and implementation of the CDF.
Local self-government organizations should make their significant contribution to the CDF process through the development and implementation of local action plans in support of the general strategy. In addition, they should assist in the development and strengthening of local self-support groups.
Major goals of the mass media are the following:
∑††††††††† regular coverage of all stages in development and implementation of the CDF, its tasks and objectives;
∑††††††††† publication and analysis of information and other materials, presented by CDF actors throughout the process of implementation;
∑††††††††† review and analysis of the spectrum of opinions on the dynamics, directions and performance of the social and economic development;
∑††††††††† evaluation of activities and performance, facilitation of broad discussions;
∑††††††††† coverage of the actual contributions made by partners into the CDF implementation.
Close and coordinated efforts with international agencies and donor states will be maintained throughout the process of preparation and implementation of the CDF.
Given insufficient internal resources and limitations as to the external borrowings, the state and the society express their confidence in the further comprehensive development of close partnership relations achieved throughout the last decade and overall support on the part of the world community, international agencies and donor states. These partnership relations are going to continue to develop in the future through increased cooperation, comprehensive nature, high performance of programs and projects supported by donors and focus upon poverty reduction and sustainable economic growth, continuation of reforms in the economy, social sphere and public administration.
Joint efforts will be made with donors in order to raise the level of grant assistance to the Kyrgyz Republic as well as the level of investments into the projects.
Relations with the donors will be subject to the highest possible degree of transparency, comprehensive control over fulfillment of commitments and efficient use of external borrowings.
These principles are going to be used for joint preparation of mid term programs and strategies of assistance to the Kyrgyz Republic.
7.4. Coordination and Implementation
Programs and projects under the CDF will be implemented through introduction of efficient methods of the state governance and public administration.
The National CDF Council will be created for the CDF coordination and monitoring purposes, as the highest advisory body on CDF, with representation of the key stakeholders. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic will be the Chairman of the Council.
Following are the objectives of the National CDF Council:
∑††††††††† to discuss draft legislative and regulatory acts, related to the CDF implementation;
∑††††††††† to discuss the process of the CDF implementation and inform the public on the progress made;
∑††††††††† to discuss and make decisions on adjustment of goals and objectives of the CDF, based upon specific social and economic situations.
The CDF Secretariat to be established under the President of Kyrgyz Republic will be the working unit of the National CDF Council.† The Secretariat will be granted appropriate status and authority to carry out its functions of strategic planning, coordination of CDF activities, monitoring and evaluation of the strategy progress.† The Secretariat will be a state financed body but in the initial stage of its operation technical and financial support of donor-countries and international organizations will be needed to strengthen its capacity.
Involvement Matrix

Development objectives



Development priorities




Private sector


Non-governmental sector


Donors, interna-tional organi-zations


Effective and transparent state governance


State governance reforms






Democratic institutions






Fair society providing human development and protection


Poverty reduction






Human development






Sustainable economic growth and development



Private sector development






Strengthening financial system






Foreign debt management






Promoting private direct foreign investments






Foreign trade development






Development of transport and informational infrastructure






Development of villages, remote areas and mountainous territories






Development of small towns






Reducing damage from natural disasters






Environmental protection






Safety of state and people







Heavy involvement



Some involvement



Little involvement