644. Conservation of the ecological balance, prevention of emergency situations of a technogenic nature and reduction of the consequences of natural calamities are also important for secure development. The Republic continues to face the destructive effects of natural phenomena and the threat of technogenic catastrophes. There are several sources of technogenic threat to security. Mudflows in particular damage the life and health of citizens. There is a great probability of large and small-scale earthquakes. Great efforts are being undertaken to prevent the possibility and consequences of natural disasters and technogenic catastrophes. Forecasts on emergency situations in the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic have been prepared. They have been brought to the notice of rayon and village administrations. Gamma radiation surveys have been conducted around the country in order to detect anomalies and establish the degree of their threat to the population. Complex radio-ecological surveys of uranium tailings in Mailuu-Suu city are being conducted under a ÒÀÑIS Program. A two-year program on rehabilitation and reconstruction of flood-control and major irrigation facilities in the Batken, Jalal-Abad and Osh oblasts is under implementation within the framework of the World Bank project “Emergency Measures in Case of Flooding” to eliminate the existing risk connected with flooding.
At the same time, the lack of effective natural disaster and technogenic catastrophe risk analysis and forecasting, as well as insufficient resources for prompt neutralization and liquidation of consequences, still remains an acute problem. There are no regulations for ensuring the possibility of reduction of damage caused to the population by natural hazards.
645. Two major priorities have been set up in this direction for the coming years:
· early liquidation of the consequences of natural calamities and carrying out damage-control works at sites; and
· improvement of projection effectiveness and operational response to disasters and catastrophes.
646. Financing the program for the establishment of an emergency response system will be provided from the state budget, as well as special credits and grants allocated for the prevention and liquidation of the consequences of emergency situations of a natural and technogenic character. A part of works on prevention of emergency situations on educational and healthcare facilities, irrigation facilities, water pipelines and transportation infrastructure networks, will be carried out under the credits extended by the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank and other donors.
A system of monitoring and evaluation of catastrophic technogenic factors will be developed. Control over potential source of technogenic catastrophes (tailings, transportation of poisonous and explosive cargo, and so forth) will be tightened. The development of a law on ecological insurance is envisaged that will create a legal basis for minimizing economic consequences and damage caused by natural calamities.