1. Strengthening of the Country’s Defensive Capacity
608. Development security of the Kyrgyz Republic will depend on the military and political situation in Central Asian region. The presence of a threat to national sovereignty, territorial integrity, as well as to the political, social and economic stability of the Republic, from international terrorism, religious extremism and all types of crime and drug trafficking, determine the priorities of security policy aimed at the reduction and prevention of the impact of these threats on the Republic.
609. In 1999-2000 the southern territories of the Kyrgyz Republic were invaded by the armed international terrorist groups. The related military actions have necessitated a major reorganization and strengthening of the Republic’s Armed Forces. Much assistance in this respect was provided to the country by the international community.
610. A major external threat to the military security and stability of Kyrgyzstan still lies in the perseverance of the core leadership and certain armed units of international terrorist organizations, which, after the defeat of the Al-Qaeda, have infiltrated the countries of the Central Asian region (CAR) and tried to restore their bases. They will be striving to reactivate with the help of their supporters acting underground in the territories of the CAR countries, to detect strengths and weaknesses in the security systems of the countries of the region, to divert significant forces of these states to maximally facilitate transportation of drugs though newly established as well as traditional channels. The vulnerability and uncertainty of borders between adjacent states and certain non-regulated issues on water and land management, may also have an impact on the situation in the region.
611. In this connection, the Republic places emphasis on strengthening interaction with law enforcement bodies from CIS and other countries, international organizations carrying out law-enforcement activities and primarily with other Central Asian countries. At present, law enforcement bodies of the Republic are the participants in 33 bilateral and 17 multilateral treaties and agreements. A regional anti-terrorist structure of the SOC is being established in Bishkek, the OSCE International Conference “Strengthening Security and Stability in Central Asia: Building Universal Efforts to Confront Terrorism” was conducted in December of 2001 in Bishkek. The Republic supports the anti-terrorist coalition, having provided it with temporary location of its military units and supporting services. The Republic takes an active part in extending assistance to Afghanistan for restoring a peaceful life and maintaining stability in this country.
612. At the same time, insufficient military and economic support for the Armed Forces of the Republic creates difficulties in their effective reorganization and training for the protection of national sovereignty and the citizens of Kyrgyzstan from actual and potential military threats.
613. At the same time, former problems persist, reflecting inadequate financing of the Armed Forces by the state budget.
· Weapons and military equipment become obsolete and unfit for tactical employment.
· The interaction between command bodies and the training of military units is steadily decreasing due to insufficient financial and technical support. In turn, this does not allow sufficient training of servicemen on active duty who, when they retire, become part of the reserve for the Armed Forces.
· Insufficient reserves of military supplies to meet emergencies and mobilization for active duty.
614. In order to:
· guarantee territorial integrity, national sovereignty and the constitutional system;
· protect the citizens of the Republic from external military threats and prevent armed conflicts; and
· ensure favorable conditions for sustainable development of the Kyrgyz Republic, it is necessary to establish compact, mobile military units, equipped with modern weapons and equipment, provided with necessary material resources for conducting military operations in mountain territories and capable to fulfilling the tasks of military security within a short period of time. In this connection, the major priorities for development of the Armed Forces are the establishment of:
· units to protect state borders;
· line oriented quick reaction units;
· rapid deployment units; and
· general-purpose units.
615. Further reforming of the Armed Forces of the Kyrgyz Republic will be carried out on a comprehensive basis and presupposes:
· improvement of the legal framework regarding military security on a national scale and within the framework of the Treaty on Collective Security;
· optimization of staff numbers and quality of existing and newly-established command strength and troops, reflecting the economic capabilities of the state, as well as potential and existing external military threats;
· maintaining military operational and mobilization readiness for rapid deployment in response to external military threats; and
· establishment of material reserves for the Armed Forces on the basis of targeted program financing.