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: / Strategies / National Poverty Reduction Strategy (2003-2005)




Kyrgyzstan Review, 10 years ago




K. Physical Culture and Sports

257. Within the poverty reduction strategy, physical culture and sports should be regarded as forms of social activities that are aimed at comprehensive balanced development and physical perfection of the individual, as a basis for the formation of a healthy life-style, as well as the prevention of youth criminalization. Surveys show that more than half of infants, schoolchildren and students have psychological and physical abnormalities. Physical fitness of many young men is unsatisfactory. As for the adult population, the physical health of 70 percent of adults is considered to be low and below the medium level.
 
258. The level of development of physical culture and sports depends to a significant extent on material and technical support and staffing. The number of children and youths physical culture schools is falling each year. From 1989 to 2002, their number decreased by 41 percent. Educational establishments have only 10 percent of basic implements and equipment required for implementation of their relevant curricula. From 1991 to 2001 the major indicators of the development of physical culture and sport have decreased by 50-60 percent.
Since the very beginning of economic reform, the existing sporting base of the Republic has found itself in a difficult situation, as the increasing tariffs for electricity, water and heating have not allowed the maintenance of sporting activity, let alone its development. Increasing rents and prices of season tickets that cannot cover a significant part of expenses for maintenance of sports facilities have deprived students of physical culture schools, educational establishments, pensioners, poor families and children of the possibility of actively practicing physical culture and sports. There are practically no facilities for providing invalids and orphans with acceptable forms of physical culture.
 
259. The volume of resources allocated currently from the state budget and local self-government bodies for development of physical culture and sports covers only 10 percent of real needs. The state budget allocated for these purposes was 0.04 percent of GDP in 1999, 0.5 percent in 2000 and 0.06 percent in 2001.
 
260. The main goals in this area include introduction of a healthy life-style, establishment of a system of continuous physical education of the population, access to physical culture and sport for all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic, regardless of their age, social status and living standards.
The mechanisms to attain this objective include:
establishment of a system of monitoring and adjustment of physical fitness of children, adolescents and youth;
improvement of legislation in the area of physical culture and sports;
support for programs aimed at formation of a health life-style, development of physical culture and sports, in particular among children-invalids and orphans; and
deepening of cooperation with international organizations for implementation of programs of physical education of the Republics population of different age groups.
In future, the effort will be focused on improvement of physical health of children, adolescents, youth, formation of the basis for physical and intellectual culture of the young generation and adult population. For this purpose it is necessary to develop and implement science-based programs of physical training of the population, training of top-caliber sportsmen, improvement of the regulatory and legal framework, state standards, regulations and rules, introduction of modern forms of activities of physical culture and sports establishments and organizations, establishment of a system of continuous physical education of the population and children and youths sports. Significant attention will be given to development of infrastructure of state-owned enterprises and physical culture and sports facilities, state support to the facilities of educational establishments, physical culture schools, clubs, strengthening of the material and technical base of sports establishments. It will also be necessary to create conditions for the introduction of healthy physical and sporting technologies in the practice and improvement of the system of training and re-training of the staff for physical education organizations and children and youths sporting activities. A state program on development of a network of children and youths physical culture schools and centers for Olympic training will be implemented in cooperation with local self-government bodies, concerned ministries and departments.
 
261. Special emphasis will be placed on the creation of conditions for poor people, those who do not have material and financial possibilities, orphans and invalids to practice physical culture and go in for sport. The measures for the development of physical culture and sports will be financed at the expense of the state and local budgets, resources allocated from foundations and public associations, as well as extended grants and private investments. At the same time, given the scarcity of budget resources, it is necessary to make efforts to attract the necessary financial resources from abroad.
 
262. The outcomes of the implementation of planned measures will include:
significant improvement of physical health of children, adolescents, youth;
reduction in the level of drug addiction, alcoholism and criminality among youth and introduction of a healthy sporting life-style among them;
development of a network of physical health and sports facilities;
introduction of a healthy life-style among adult population;
establishment of a modern science-based and practical basis for developing a reserve of athletes from which to select sporting teams to represent Kyrgyzstan; and
improvement of efficiency of activities of state establishments and public organizations participating in development of physical education and children and youths sports.