Countries can effectively fight corruption through reforms in public institutions and aggressive pursuit of anti-corruption policies, and there is now solid evidence that the reforms in the past few years in many transition countries are beginning to show results.
These are the encouraging conclusions of a new World Bank report issued April 7 that analyzes trends in corruption in business-government interactions in 26 transition economies of Europe and Central Asia.
The report -- called "Anticorruption in Transition 2: Corruption in Enterprise-State Interactions in Europe and Central Asia 1999-2002" -- finds good news: "Managers' responses in almost half of the transition countries suggest a decline between 1999 and 2002 in the overall frequency of bribery and the impact of corruption on their business," according to the World Bank's Cheryl Gray, one of the report's co-authors.
But in some countries, the report found, corruption remains high, and some indicators suggest it may be worsening in Southeastern Europe.
The ACT2 report and related publications, including Anticorruption in Transition-A Contribution to the Policy Debate (2000) are available at www.worldbank.org/eca/governance
KNNA Kabar, April 08, 2004